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Alert (ICS-ALERT-12-020-02A)

Rockwell Automation ControlLogix PLC Vulnerabilities (Update A)

Original release date: February 14, 2012 | Last revised: February 17, 2014

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Summary

This Alert Update is a follow-up to the original ICS-CERT Alert titled “ICS-ALERT-12-020-02—Rockwell Automation ControlLogix Multiple PLC Vulnerabilities” that was published January 20, 2012, on the ICS-CERT web page.

ICS-CERT is aware of a public report of multiple vulnerabilities with proof-of-concept (PoC) exploit code affecting Rockwell ControlLogix, a controller product. According to this report, the vulnerability is exploitable by transmitting arbitrary commands from the PLC to the control system. This report is based on information presented by the Project Basecamp team during Digital Bond’s SCADA Security Scientific Symposium (S4) on January19, 2012. Vulnerability details are based on research conducted by Rubén Santamarta. The information was released without coordination with either the vendor or ICS-CERT.

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An exploit module has been released that targets multiple vulnerabilities in the ControlLogix PLC. The first two payloads target the use of the Ethernet/IP protocol utilized by the ControlLogix PLC and many other vendors. The other two payloads target the TCP/IP protocol stack. The ICS-CERT strongly encourages asset owners and operators to audit their systems for Internet connectivity and exploitation potential of this vulnerability. As this exploit does not specifically target a system and is aimed at a protocol employed by many PLC vendors, this release could impact many additional vendors.

--------- End Update A Part 1 of 1 ---------

ICS-CERT has notified Rockwell of the report and has asked the vendor to confirm the vulnerabilities and identify mitigations. ICS-CERT is issuing this alert to provide preliminary notice of the reported vulnerable products and to begin identifying baseline mitigations that can reduce the risk of cybersecurity attacks that may attempt to exploit these vulnerabilities.

The report included details and PoC exploit code for the following vulnerabilities:

Vulnerability TypeExploitabilityImpact

Improper Input Validation

  • Malformed Request
RemoteDenial of Service/Physical reboot required

Improper Input Validation

  • Malformed Request
RemoteDenial of Service/Physical reboot required

The report also included details of methods for using legitimate commands maliciously.

Command TypeExploitabilityImpact
Interface ControlRemoteDenial of Service / Possible Man-in-the-Middle / Physical reboot required
StopRemoteDenial of Service / Physical reboot required
 Remote 
Dump 1756- ENBT’s module boot codeRemoteData Leakage
ResetRemoteDenial of Service
Firmware UpgradeRemoteData Integrity/Arbitrary Code Execution/Denial of Service

Please report any suspected cyber issues affecting control systems to ICS-CERT.

For details, please see the following Rockwell announcements:

Follow-Up

ICS-CERT released a follow-up advisory, ICSA-13-011-03 Rockwell Automation ControlLogix PLC Vulnerabilities, to the ICS-CERT Web site on January 11, 2013, on the ICS-CERT web page.

Mitigation

ICS-CERT is currently coordinating with the vendor and security researcher to identify useful mitigations.

ICS-CERT recommends that users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices. Control system devices should not directly face the Internet.a
  • Locate control system networks and devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • If remote access is required, employ secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to taking defensive measures.

The Control Systems Security Program (CSSP) also provides a recommended practices section for control systems on the US-CERT website. Several recommended practices are available for reading or download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Organizations that observe any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov 
or incident reporting:  https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/Report-Incident?

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