U.S. Flag Official website of the Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Department of Homeland Security Seal. ICS-CERT. Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team.
TLP:WHITE

Advisory (ICSA-18-298-01)

GEOVAP Reliance 4 SCADA/HMI

Original release date: October 25, 2018

Legal Notice

All information products included in http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see http://www.us-cert.gov/tlp/.



1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 6.1
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: GEOVAP
  • Equipment: Reliance 4 SCADA/HMI
  • Vulnerability: Cross-site Scripting

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an unauthenticated attacker to use HTTP proxy to inject arbitrary Javascript in a specially crafted HTTP request that may reflect it back in the HTTP response.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of Reliance 4 SCADA/HMI, a SCADA/HMI system designed for the monitoring and control of industrial processes and for building automation, are affected:

  • Reliance SCADA Version 4.7.3 Update 3 and prior.

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    IMPROPER NEUTRALIZATION OF INPUT DURING WEB PAGE GENERATION ('CROSS-SITE SCRIPTING') CWE-79

This vulnerability could allow an unauthorized attacker to inject arbitrary code.

CVE-2018-17904 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.1 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:C/C:L/I:L/A:N).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Transportation Systems, and Water and Wastewater Systems
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Czech Republic

3.4 RESEARCHER

Ismail Mert AY AK reported this vulnerability to NCCIC.

4. MITIGATIONS

GEOVAP released Version 4.8.0, which mitigates the vulnerability. GEOVAP strongly recommends users upgrade existing projects to this version. It can be downloaded here:

https://www.reliance-scada.com/en/support/articles/technical/what-is-new-in-reliance480#securitylevel.

GEOVAP also recommends users switch the application to HTTPS to prevent the manipulation of HTTP messages in an HTTP proxy. Changing to HTTPS should help even if Version 4.7.3 Update 3 and prior are still used.

NCCIC recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

NCCIC also recommends that users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks: 

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov 
or incident reporting:  https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/Report-Incident?

The NCCIC continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.

Was this document helpful?  Yes  |  Somewhat  |  No

Back to Top