U.S. Flag Official website of the Department of Homeland Security
U.S. Department of Homeland Security Seal. ICS-CERT. Industrial Control Systems Cyber Emergency Response Team.
TLP:WHITE

Advisory (ICSA-18-284-02)

NUUO CMS

Original release date: October 11, 2018

Legal Notice

All information products included in http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov are provided "as is" for informational purposes only. The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) does not provide any warranties of any kind regarding any information contained within. DHS does not endorse any commercial product or service, referenced in this product or otherwise. Further dissemination of this product is governed by the Traffic Light Protocol (TLP) marking in the header. For more information about TLP, see http://www.us-cert.gov/tlp/.



1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 9.8
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable remotely/low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: NUUO
  • Equipment: CMS
  • Vulnerabilities: Use of Insufficiently Random Values, Use of Obsolete Function, Incorrect Permission Assignment for Critical Resource, Use of Hard-coded Credentials

2. RISK EVALUATION

Successful exploitation of theses vulnerabilities could result in arbitrary remote code execution.

3. TECHNICAL DETAILS

3.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following versions of NUUO CMS, a central software management platform, are affected:

  • CMS Versions 3.1 and prior.

3.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

3.2.1    USE OF INSUFFICIENTLY RANDOM VALUES CWE-330

The application uses a session identification mechanism that could allow attackers to obtain the active session ID, which could allow arbitrary remote code execution.

CVE-2018-17888 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.2    USE OF OBSOLETE FUNCTION CWE-477

The application uses insecure and outdated software components for functionality, which could allow arbitrary code execution.

CVE-2018-17890 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.3    INCORRECT PERMISSION ASSIGNMENT FOR CRITICAL RESOURCE CWE-732

The application implements a method of user account control that causes standard account security features to not be utilized as intended, which could allow user account compromise and may allow for remote code execution.

CVE-2018-17892 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.2.4    USE OF HARD-CODED CREDENTIALS CWE-798

The application creates default accounts that have hard-coded passwords, which could allow an attacker to gain privileged access.

CVE-2018-17894 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.8 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).

3.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Commercial Facilities, Financial Services, Government Facilities, Healthcare and Public Health, Transportation Systems.
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Taiwan 

3.4 RESEARCHER

Pedro Ribeiro reported these vulnerabilities to NCCIC.

4. MITIGATIONS

NUUO has developed a fix for the reported vulnerabilities and recommends users update to firmware v3.3 or the latest available. The update can be located at the following location:

http://d1.nuuo.com/NUUO/CMS/v3.3.0/CMS_NUUO_All_v3.3.0.18.zip

NCCIC recommends users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of this vulnerability. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities. 


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov 
or incident reporting:  https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/Report-Incident?

The NCCIC continuously strives to improve its products and services. You can help by choosing one of the links below to provide feedback about this product.

Was this document helpful?  Yes  |  Somewhat  |  No

Back to Top