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Advisory (ICSA-17-129-01)

Siemens devices using the PROFINET Discovery and Configuration Protocol (Update J)

Original release date: May 09, 2017 | Last revised: June 21, 2018

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1. EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

  • CVSS v3 6.5
  • ATTENTION: Exploitable from an adjacent network/low skill level to exploit
  • Vendor: Siemens
  • Equipment: Devices using the PROFINET Discovery and Configuration Protocol (DCP)
  • Vulnerability: Improper Input Validation

2. UPDATE INFORMATION

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the updated advisory titled ICSA-17-129-01I Siemens devices using the PROFINET Discovery and Configuration Protocol (Update I) that was published February 27, 2018, on the NCCIC/ICS-CERT website.

3. RISK EVALUATION

An attacker may be able to cause a denial-of-service condition requiring a manual restart by exploiting this vulnerability.

4. TECHNICAL DETAILS

4.1 AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Siemens reports that the vulnerability affects the following products using the PROFINET DCP:

  • SIMATIC WinCC (TIA Portal)
    • v13: All versions prior to v13 SP2, and
    • v14: All versions prior to v14 SP1
  • SIMATIC STEP 7 (TIA Portal)
    • v13: All versions prior to v13 SP2, and
    • v14: All versions prior to v14 SP1
  • SIMATIC STEP 7 v5.X: All versions prior to v5.6
  • STEP 7 - Micro/WIN SMART: All versions prior to v2.3
  • SMART PC Access v2.3
  • SIMATIC Automation Tool: All versions prior to v3.0
  • SIMATIC WinCC
    • v7.2 and prior: All versions
    • v7.3: All versions prior to v7.3 Update 15
    • v7.4: All versions prior to v7.4 SP1 Upd1
--------- Begin Update J Part 1 of 2 ----------
  • SIMATIC PCS 7 v8.1: All versions
  • SIMATIC PCS 7 v8.2: All versions prior to v8.2 SP1
--------- End Update J Part 1 of 2 ----------
  • SIMATIC NET PC-Software: All versions prior to v14 SP1
  • Primary Setup Tool (PST): All versions prior to v4.2 HF1
  • Security Configuration Tool (SCT): All versions prior to v5.0
  • SINEMA Server: All versions prior to v14
  • SINAUT ST7CC: All versions
  • SIMATIC WinAC RTX 2010 SP2: All versions
  • SIMATIC WinAC RTX F 2010 SP2: All versions
  • SINUMERIK 808D Programming Tool: All versions prior to v4.7 SP4 HF2, and
  • SIMATIC WinCC flexible 2008: All versions prior to flexible 2008 SP5.

4.2 VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

4.2.1    IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATION CWE-20

Specially crafted PROFINET DCP broadcast packets sent to the affected products on a local Ethernet segment (Layer 2) could cause a denial-of-service condition in some services. The services may require manual restart to recover.

CVE-2017-6865 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.5 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:A/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).

4.3 BACKGROUND

  • CRITICAL INFRASTRUCTURE SECTORS: Chemical, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Water and Wastewater Systems
  • COUNTRIES/AREAS DEPLOYED: Worldwide
  • COMPANY HEADQUARTERS LOCATION: Germany

4.4 RESEARCHER

Duan JinTong, Ma ShaoShuai, and Cheng Lei from NSFOCUS Security Team reported this vulnerability directly to Siemens.

5. MITIGATIONS

Siemens provides updates that fix the vulnerability for the following affected products and recommends that users update to the new fixed version:

  • SIMATIC WinCC (TIA Portal) v13: Update to v13 SP2

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109746073

  • SIMATIC WinCC (TIA Portal) v14: Update to v14 SP1

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109745460

  • SIMATIC STEP 7 (TIA Portal) v13: Update to v13 SP2

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109745155

  • SIMATIC STEP 7 (TIA Portal) v14: Update to v14 SP1

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109745984

  • SIMATIC STEP 7 v5.X: Upgrade to v5.6

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109747706

  • STEP 7 - Micro/WIN SMART: Update to v2.3 by contacting the local Siemens representative or customer support

https://w3.siemens.com/aspa_app/

  • SIMATIC Automation Tool: Update to v3.0

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/98161300

  • SIMATIC WinCC v7.3: Update to v7.3 Update 15

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109750182

  • SIMATIC WinCC v7.4: Update to v7.4 SP1 Upd1

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109748024

--------- Begin Update J Part 2 of 2 --------
  • SIMATIC PCS 7 v8.1: See recommendations and mitigations below, or upgrade to v9.0

https://www.siemens.de/automation/partner

  • SIMATIC PCS 7 v8.2: Update to v8.2 SP1. To obtain SIMATIC PCS 7 v8.2 SP1 contact local support
--------- End Update J Part 2 of 2 --------
  • SIMATIC NET PC-Software: Upgrade to v14 SP1:

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109747482

  • Primary Setup Tool (PST): Update to v4.2 HF1

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/19440762

  • Security Configuration Tool (SCT): Update to v5.0

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/de/en/view/109747539

  • SINEMA Server: Upgrade to v14 [10]

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109748854

  • SMART PC Access: Update to v2.3 by contacting the local Siemens representative or customer support

https://w3.siemens.com/aspa_app/

  • SINUMERIK 808D Programming Tool: Update to v4.7 SP4 HF2 by contacting the local Siemens account manager
  • SIMATIC WinCC flexible 2008: upgrade to WinCC flexible 2008 SP5

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/109749111

The affected component is shared among all of the affected products on the host. Installing one fixed version will mitigate the vulnerability for all Siemens applications installed on that host.

Siemens is preparing updates for the remaining affected products and recommends the following mitigations in the meantime:

  • Apply cell protection concept

https://support.industry.siemens.com/cs/ww/en/view/60119725

  • Use VPN for protecting network communication between cells
  • Apply Defense-in-Depth

As a general security measure, Siemens strongly recommends protecting industrial control systems networks with appropriate mechanisms. Siemens advises configuring the environment according to Siemens operational guidelines in order to run the devices in a protected IT environment.

https://www.siemens.com/cert/operational-guidelines-industrial-security

For more information on this vulnerability and more detailed mitigation instructions, please see Siemens Security Advisory SSA-275839 at the following location:

http://www.siemens.com/cert/en/cert-security-advisories.htm

NCCIC reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

NCCIC also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available on the ICS-CERT website in the Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies.

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

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