GE Multilin SR, UR, and URplus Protective Relays (Update A)
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CVSS v3 8.1
ATTENTION: Remotely exploitable/low skill level to exploit.
Equipment: Multilin SR, UR, and URplus Protective Relays
Vulnerabilities: Weak Cryptography for Passwords
This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-17-117-01 GE Multilin SR Protective Relays that was published April 27, 2017, on the NCCIC/ICS-CERT web site.
The following versions of Multilin SR protective relays are affected:
- 750 Feeder Protection Relay, firmware versions prior to Version 7.47,
- 760 Feeder Protection Relay, firmware versions prior to Version 7.47,
- 469 Motor Protection Relay, firmware versions prior to Version 5.23,
- 489 Generator Protection Relay, firmware versions prior to Version 4.06,
- 745 Transformer Protection Relay, firmware versions prior to Version 5.23, and
- 369 Motor Protection Relay, all firmware versions.
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The following versions of the Multilin Universal Relay (UR) and URplus relay families are affected:
- Universal Relay, firmware Version 6.0 and prior versions, and
- URplus (D90, C90, B95), all versions.
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Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may allow a remote attacker to obtain weakly encrypted user passwords, which could be used to gain unauthorized access to affected products.
GE has released the following firmware versions, which remove access to the cipher text from the front LCD panel and through Modbus in the affected products:
- 750 Feeder Protection Relay, Version 7.47,
- 760 Feeder Protection Relay, Version 7.47,
- 469 Motor Protection Relay, Version 5.23,
- 489 Generator Protection Relay, Version 4.06, and
- 745 Transformer Protection Relay, Version 5.23.
GE is planning to release a firmware update for the 369 Motor Protection Relay in June 2017.
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GE UR firmware versions 7.xx are not affected. GE has released updates that remove the ability to obtain the password cipher text in the following firmware versions:
- Universal Relay, firmware Version 5.83,
- Universal Relay, firmware Version 5.92, and
- Universal Relay, firmware Version 6.02 to 6.05.
The Universal Relay firmware is available at the following location:
GE reports that the URplus platform will have firmware updates released in July 2017 for the following product versions:
- URplus, firmware Version 1.86,
- URplus, firmware Version 1.92, and
- B95Plus, firmware Version 1.03.
GE security advisory, UR-2017-00001 Multilin UR/URPlus Family of Protective Relays, is available at the following location, with a valid account:
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GE recommends that users apply updated firmware versions to affected products, as well as implement the following physical security and network security defensive measures:
- Control access to affected products by keeping devices in a locked and secure environment,
- Remove passwords when decommissioning devices,
- Monitor and block malicious network activity, and
- Implement appropriate network segmentation and place affected devices within the control system network, behind properly configured firewalls. Protection and Control system devices should not be directly connected to the Internet or business networks.
GE security advisory, SR-2017-00001 Multilin SR Family of Protective Relays, is available at the following location, with a valid account:
NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS‑CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site.
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.
Cipher text versions of user passwords were created with a non-random initialization vector leaving them susceptible to dictionary attacks. Cipher text of user passwords can be obtained from the front LCD panel of affected products and through issued Modbus commands.
GE reported the vulnerability to ICS-CERT. It was initially identified by New York University security researchers Anastasis Keliris, Charalambos Konstantinou, Marios Sazos, and Dr. Michail (Mihalis) Maniatakos.
Critical Infrastructure Sectors: Chemical, Critical Manufacturing, Dams, Energy, Food and Agriculture, Government Facilities, Transportation Systems, Water and Wastewater Systems
Countries/Areas Deployed: Worldwide
Company Headquarters Location: Boston, Massachusetts
For any questions related to this report, please contact ICS-CERT at:
Toll Free: 1-877-776-7585
International Callers: (208) 526-0900
For industrial control systems security information and incident reporting: http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov
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