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Advisory (ICSA-16-173-01A)

Advantech WebAccess ActiveX Vulnerabilities (Update A)

Original release date: June 21, 2016 | Last revised: July 14, 2016

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OVERVIEW

This updated advisory is a follow-up to the original advisory titled ICSA-16-173-01 Advantech WebAccess ActiveX Vulnerabilities that was published June 21, 2016, on the NCCIC/ICS-CERT web site.

--------- Begin Update A Part 1 of 2 --------

Zhou Yu of Acorn Network Security and ZDI (Zero Day Initiative) have identified vulnerabilities in Advantech’s WebAccess. Advantech has produced a new version to mitigate these vulnerabilities. Zhou Yu has tested the new version to validate that it resolves the vulnerabilities.

--------- End Update A Part 1 of 2 ----------

AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Advantech reports that the vulnerabilities affect the following versions of WebAccess:

  • WebAccess versions prior to 8.1_20160519

IMPACT

The vulnerabilities could allow an attacker who successfully exploits them to insert and run arbitrary code on an affected system.

Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of these vulnerabilities based on their operational environment, architecture, and product implementation.

BACKGROUND

Advantech is based in Taiwan and has distribution offices in 21 countries worldwide.

The affected product, WebAccess, formerly known as BroadWin WebAccess, is a web-based SCADA and human-machine interface (HMI) product. According to Advantech, WebAccess is deployed across several sectors including Commercial Facilities, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, and Government Facilities. Advantech estimates that this product is used globally.

VULNERABILITY CHARACTERIZATION

VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

UNSAFE ACTIVEX CONTROL MARKED SAFE-FOR-SCRIPTINGa

Several ActiveX controls are intended for restricted use, but have been marked as safe-for-scripting.

CVE-2016-4525b has been assigned to these vulnerabilities. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.6 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N).c

CLASSIC BUFFER OVERFLOWd

A specially crafted DLL file can cause a buffer overflow.

CVE-2016-4528e has been assigned to these vulnerabilities. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.0 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:L/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:N/I:N/A:H).f

--------- Begin Update A Part 2 of 2 --------

INFORMATION EXPOSUREg

A properly authenticated administrator can view passwords for other administrators.

CVE-2016-5810h has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 5.7 has been calculated; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:L/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).i

--------- End Update A Part 2 of 2 ----------

VULNERABILITY DETAILS

EXPLOITABILITY

These vulnerabilities are not exploitable remotely and cannot be exploited without user interaction. The exploit is only triggered when a local user runs the vulnerable application, which in certain scenarios can cause it to load a DLL file from an untrusted source.

EXISTENCE OF EXPLOIT

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.

DIFFICULTY

Crafting a working exploit for these vulnerabilities would be difficult. Social engineering is required to convince the user to accept a malformed DLL file. Additional user interaction is needed to load the malformed file. This decreases the likelihood of a successful exploit.

MITIGATION

Advantech has released a new version of WebAccess, Version 8.1_20160519, to address the reported vulnerabilities. This new version is available on the Advantech web site at the following location:

http://www.advantech.com/industrial-automation/webaccess

ICS-CERT recommends that users take defensive measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks. Specifically, users should:

  • Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
  • Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scamsg for more information on avoiding email scams.
  • Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacksh for more information on social engineering attacks.
  • Do not visit untrusted web sites.

ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page at: http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/content/recommended-practices. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS‑CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site (http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/).

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov 
or incident reporting:  https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/Report-Incident?

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