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Advisory (ICSA-16-096-01)

Pro-face GP-Pro EX HMI Vulnerabilities

Original release date: April 05, 2016 | Last revised: April 06, 2016

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OVERVIEW

ZDI (Zero Day Initiative) has identified one information disclosure and two buffer overflow vulnerabilities, and independent researcher Jeremy Brown has identified hard-coded credentials in Pro-face’s GP-Pro EX HMI software. Pro-face has produced a module to mitigate these vulnerabilities.

These vulnerabilities could be exploited remotely, and some can be exploited without user interaction.

AFFECTED PRODUCTS

Pro-face reports that these vulnerabilities affect the following versions of GP-Pro EX:

  • Models: EX-ED, PFXEXEDV, PFXEXEDLS, PFXEXGRPLS; and
  • Versions: 1.00 to Ver. 4.0.4

IMPACT

It is possible for an attacker to force a stack-based buffer overflow. An attacker can leverage these vulnerabilities to execute arbitrary code in the context of the process.

Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of these vulnerabilities based on their operational environment, architecture, and product implementation.

BACKGROUND

Pro-face is a US-based company that maintains offices in several countries around the world, including Asia, India, Australia, the Americas, and Europe. Schneider Electric has recently acquired Pro-face.

The affected product, GP-Pro EX, is an HMI Screen Editor and Logic Programing software. According to Pro-face, GP-Pro EX is deployed across several sectors including Commercial Facilities, Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Water and Wastewater Systems, and others. Pro-face estimates that this product is used worldwide.

VULNERABILITY CHARACTERIZATION

VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

HEAP-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOWa

It is possible for an attacker to force a heap-based buffer overflow. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code in the context of the process.

CVE-2016-2290b has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 8.8 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:H).c

OUT-OF-BOUNDS READd

It is possible for an attacker to force an out-of-bounds read. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code in the context of the process.

CVE-2016-2291e has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.5 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).f

STACK-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOWg

It is possible for an attacker to force a stack-based buffer overflow. An attacker can leverage this vulnerability to execute arbitrary code in the context of the process.

CVE-2016-2292h has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 6.5 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:R/S:U/C:H/I:N/A:N).i

USE OF HARD-CODED CREDENTIALSj

Hard-coded credentials in the FTP server allow for a remote user to have access to the project on the device.

CVE-2016-7921k has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.1 have been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N).l

AUTHENTICATION BYPASS ISSUESm

Authentication bypass issues in the FTP server allow for a remote user to have access to the project on the device.

CVE-2016-7921n has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v3 base score of 9.1 have been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/PR:N/UI:N/S:U/C:H/I:H/A:N).o

VULNERABILITY DETAILS

EXPLOITABILITY

These vulnerabilities could be exploited remotely, and some can be exploited without user interaction.

EXISTENCE OF EXPLOIT

No known public exploits specifically target these vulnerabilities.

DIFFICULTY

An attacker with a low skill would be able to exploit these vulnerabilities.

MITIGATION

Pro-face has released the following module:

GP-Pro EX (Ver. 4.05.000 or later). The Update Module includes:

  • Editor: Ver.4.05.000,
  • Transfer Tool: Ver.4.05.000, and
  • System/Runtime: Ver.4.5.0

To download the module, free member registration for “Otasuke Pro!” is required at:

http://www.hmisource.com/otasuke/download/update/proex/

ICS-CERT recommends that users take defensive measures to minimize the risk of exploitation of these vulnerabilities. Specifically, users should:

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page at: http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/content/recommended-practices. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS‑CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site (http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/).

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.

In addition, ICS-CERT recommends that users take the following measures to protect themselves from social engineering attacks:

  1. Do not click web links or open unsolicited attachments in email messages.
  2. Refer to Recognizing and Avoiding Email Scamsp for more information on avoiding email scams.
  3. Refer to Avoiding Social Engineering and Phishing Attacksq for more information on social engineering attacks.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov 
or incident reporting:  https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/Report-Incident?

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