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TLP:WHITE

Advisory (ICSA-15-062-01)

MICROSYS PROMOTIC Stack Buffer Overflow

Original release date: March 03, 2015 | Last revised: August 27, 2018

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OVERVIEW

An anonymous researcher working with HP’s Zero Day Initiative has identified a stack-based buffer overflow vulnerability in the MICROSYS, spol. s r.o. PROMOTIC application. MICROSYS, spol. s r.o. has produced a new version that mitigates this vulnerability.

This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.

AFFECTED PRODUCTS

The following PROMOTIC versions are affected:

  • PROMOTIC versions prior to stable 8.2.19
  • PROMOTIC versions prior to development 8.3.2

IMPACT

Successful exploitation of this vulnerability may result in denial of service or data leakage.

Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of this vulnerability based on their operational environment, architecture, and product implementation.

BACKGROUND

MICROSYS, spol. s r.o. is a Czech company with headquarters in Ostrava.

The affected product, PROMOTIC, is a Microsoft Windows-based supervisory control and data acquisition human-machine interface (SCADA HMI) software programming suite for creating applications that monitor, control, and display technological processes. This suite also includes support for a web interface.

According to MICROSYS, spol. s r.o., PROMOTIC is deployed across several sectors including Critical Manufacturing, Energy, Water and Wastewater Systems, and others. The PROMOTIC system is primarily used in Czech and Slovak Republics. It is also used in Poland, Hungary, Slovenia, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Romania.

VULNERABILITY CHARACTERIZATION

VULNERABILITY OVERVIEW

STACK-BASED BUFFER OVERFLOWa

A demonstration application contains a stack-based overflow. This is only vulnerable when this application is running, which limits this vulnerability’s exposure.

CVE-2014-9205b has been assigned to this vulnerability. ZDI has assigned a CVSS v2 base score of 7.5; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P).c

VULNERABILITY DETAILS

EXPLOITABILITY

This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.

EXISTENCE OF EXPLOIT

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.

DIFFICULTY

An attacker with a low skill level would be able to exploit this vulnerability, if the vulnerable demonstration application is running.

MITIGATION

MICROSYS, spol. s r.o. recommends that customers with affected versions of PROMOTIC update their installations by downloading the latest version and installation instructions from the following MICROSYS, spol. s r.o. web site:

http://www.promotic.eu/en/promotic/download/download.htm.

MICROSYS, spol. s r.o. has produced a news release that contains additional information about new features and bug fixes for available stable and developmental PROMOTIC software versions:

http://www.promotic.eu/en/pmdoc/News.htm#ver80105

ICS-CERT encourages asset owners to take additional defensive measures to protect against this and other cybersecurity risks.

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPNs may have vulnerabilities and should be updated to the most current version available. Also recognize that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT web page at: http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/content/recommended-practices. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies. ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS‑CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B--Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the ICS-CERT web site (http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/).

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov 
or incident reporting:  https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/Report-Incident?

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