3S CoDeSys Runtime Toolkit NULL Pointer Dereference
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Independent researcher Nicholas Miles has identified a NULL pointer dereference vulnerability in Smart Software Solutions (3S) CoDeSys Runtime Toolkit application. 3S has produced an update that mitigates this vulnerability. Nicholas Miles has tested the update to validate that it resolves the vulnerability.
This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.
The following CoDeSys versions are affected:
- CoDeSys Runtime Toolkit versions older than Version V188.8.131.52.
If exploited, an attacker could use this vulnerability to remotely cause a system crash within the Runtime Toolkit application.
Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of this vulnerability based on their operational environment, architecture, and product implementation.
3S is a German-based company that maintains offices in Germany and China. 3S develops software that is used in various programmable logic controllers and industrial controllers. 3S also develops products specifically for visualization applications (human-machine interfaces), engineering desktop programming platforms, safety modules, and fieldbus controllers.
The affected product, CoDeSys Runtime Toolkit, is embedded third-party software used in various manufacturers’ SCADA systems. According to 3S, CoDeSys is deployed across several sectors including critical manufacturing, building automation, energy, transportation, and others. 3S estimates that these products are used worldwide.
NULL POINTER DEREFERENCEa
The CoDeSys Runtime Toolkit dereferences a pointer that it expects to be valid, but is NULL. By dereferencing the pointer that is NULL, an attacker could cause the Runtime Toolkit to crash.
This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.
EXISTENCE OF EXPLOIT
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.
An attacker with a moderate skill would be able to exploit this vulnerability.
3S has produced an update that is available for download from the 3S CODESYS Download page:
Please contact CODESYS Support for any additional questions concerning the update.
NCCIC/ICS-CERT encourages asset owners to take additional defensive measures to protect against this and other cybersecurity risks.
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
NCCIC/ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the NCCIC/ICS-CERT Web page at: http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/content/recommended-practices. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies. NCCIC/ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to deploying defensive measures.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the NCCIC/ICS-CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B—Targeted Cyber Intrusion Mitigation Strategies, that is available for download from the NCCIC/ICS-CERT Web site (http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/).
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC/ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
- a. CWE-476: NULL Pointer Dereference, http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/476.html, Web site last accessed January 30, 2014.
- b. NVD, http://web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2014-0757, NIST uses this advisory to create the CVE Web site report. This Web site will be active sometime after publication of this advisory.
- c. CVSS Calculator, http://nvd.nist.gov/cvss.cfm?version=2&vector=AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:C, Web site last accessed January 30, 2014.
For any questions related to this report, please contact ICS-CERT at:
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For industrial control systems security information and incident reporting: http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov
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