Cooper Power Systems Cybectec DNP3 Master OPC Server Improper Input Validation
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Adam Crain of Automatak and independent researcher Chris Sistrunk have identified an improper input validation vulnerability in Cooper Power Systems Cybectec DNP3 Master OPC Server software. Cooper Power Systems has discontinued the OPC server and recommends that customers use the SMP Gateway as a replacement that mitigates this vulnerability.
This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.
The following Cybectec product is affected:
- DNP3 Master OPC Server, all versions.
Successful exploitation of this vulnerability could allow an attacker to affect the availability of the DNP3 Master OPC Server software.
Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. NCCIC/ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of this vulnerability based on their operational environment, architecture, and product implementation.
Cybectec is a US-based company that maintains offices in several countries around the world, including the United States and Canada.
The affected product, DNP3 Master OPC Server, supports the DNP3 outstation. According to Cybectec, OPC servers are deployed across the energy sector. Cybectec estimates that these products are used primarily in the United States and Latin America.
IMPROPER INPUT VALIDATIONa
The DNP3 component in Cooper Power Systems Cybectec DNP3 Master OPC Server incorrectly validates input. An attacker could introduce an unhandled exception, causing the process to crash.
This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.
EXISTENCE OF EXPLOIT
No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.
An attacker with a moderate skill would be able to exploit this vulnerability.
Cooper Power Systems has discontinued the OPC server and recommends that customers use the SMP Gateway product as a replacement that mitigates this vulnerability. For additional information, please contact a customer support representative at firstname.lastname@example.org.
NCCIC/ICS-CERT encourages asset owners to take additional defensive measures to protect against this and other cybersecurity risks.
- Minimize network exposure for all control system devices and/or systems, and ensure that they are not accessible from the Internet.
- Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
- When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.
NCCIC/ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the NCCIC/ICS-CERT Web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies.d NCCIC/ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to taking defensive measures.
Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the NCCIC/ICS-CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01B—Targeted Cyber Intrusion Mitigation Strategies,e that is available for download from the NCCIC/ICS-CERT Web page (http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/).
Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to NCCIC/ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.
- a. CWE-20: Improper Input Validation, http://cwe.mitre.org/data/definitions/20.html, Web site last accessed December 12, 2013.
- b. NVD, http://Web.nvd.nist.gov/view/vuln/detail?vulnId=CVE-2013-2814, NIST uses this advisory to create the CVE Web site report. This Web site will be active sometime after publication of this advisory.
- c. CVSS Calculator, http://nvd.nist.gov/cvss.cfm?version=2&vector=AV:N/AC:M/Au:N/C:N/I:N/A:C, Web site last accessed December 12, 2013.
- d. CSSP Recommended Practices, http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/content/recommended-practices, Web site last accessed December 12, 2013.
- e. Targeted Cyber Intrusion Detection and Mitigation Strategies, http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/tips/ICS-TIP-12-146-01B, Web site last accessed December 12, 2013.
For any questions related to this report, please contact ICS-CERT at:
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For industrial control systems security information and incident reporting: http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov
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