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TLP:WHITE

Advisory (ICSA-12-362-01)

I-GEN opLYNX Central Authentication Bypass

Original release date: December 26, 2012 | Last revised: April 30, 2013

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Overview

This advisory provides mitigation details for a vulnerability that impacts the i-GEN opLYNX Central software. Exploitation of this vulnerability would allow partial leakage of information and access to system settings.

Independent researcher Anthony Cicalla has identified an authentication bypass vulnerability in i-GEN Solutions opLYNX Central application. i-GEN Solutions has produced a new version that mitigates this vulnerability. The researcher has tested the new version to validate that it resolves the vulnerability. This vulnerability impacts the energy sector, mainly in Canada.

This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.

Affected Products

The following i-GEN products are affected:

  • opLYNX, Version 2.01.8 and prior.

Impact

Exploitation of this vulnerability could allow access to configuration settings and other information in the opLYNX Central application.

Impact to individual organizations depends on many factors that are unique to each organization. ICS-CERT recommends that organizations evaluate the impact of this vulnerability based on their operational environment, architecture, and product implementation.

Background

i-GEN Solutions Corporation is a Canada-based company that provides human-machine interface (HMI), supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA), and plant historian software to oil and gas, pipelines, chemicals, utilities, and waste water management facilities around the world.

The affected product, opLYNX Central, is a Web-based application. According to i-GEN Solutions, opLYNX Central is deployed in the energy sector in Canada.

Vulnerability Characterization

Vulnerability Overview

Authentication Bypass1

The i-GEN opLYNX Central system provides an interface for remote connections. Publicly available tools to disable Javascript can be used to bypass authentication on the opLYNX Central interface. This allows a user to access configuration settings and other information.

CVE-2012-46882 has been assigned to this vulnerability. A CVSS v2 base score of 7.5 has been assigned; the CVSS vector string is (AV:N/AC:L/Au:N/C:P/I:P/A:P).

Vulnerability Details

Exploitability

This vulnerability could be exploited remotely.

Existence of Exploit

No known public exploits specifically target this vulnerability.

Difficulty

An attacker with a low skill would be able to exploit this vulnerability with publicly available tools.

Mitigation

i-GEN Solutions has released a new version, opLYNX 2.01.9, that resolves this vulnerability. The new version is installed during logon and automatically applied. Anthony Cicalla has tested  the new version and validated that it resolves the vulnerability. To manually obtain the new version, ICS-CERT recommends customers contact i-GEN Solutions customer service.3

ICS-CERT encourages asset owners to take additional defensive measures to protect against this and other cybersecurity risks.

  • Minimize network exposure for all control system devices. Critical devices should not directly face the Internet.
  • Locate control system networks and remote devices behind firewalls, and isolate them from the business network.
  • When remote access is required, use secure methods, such as Virtual Private Networks (VPNs), recognizing that VPN is only as secure as the connected devices.

ICS-CERT also provides a section for control systems security recommended practices on the ICS-CERT Web page. Several recommended practices are available for reading and download, including Improving Industrial Control Systems Cybersecurity with Defense-in-Depth Strategies. ICS-CERT reminds organizations to perform proper impact analysis and risk assessment prior to taking defensive measures.

Additional mitigation guidance and recommended practices are publicly available in the ICS-CERT Technical Information Paper, ICS-TIP-12-146-01—Cyber Intrusion Mitigation Strategies,

Organizations observing any suspected malicious activity should follow their established internal procedures and report their findings to ICS-CERT for tracking and correlation against other incidents.


Contact Information

For any questions related to this report, please contact the NCCIC at:

Email: NCCICCUSTOMERSERVICE@hq.dhs.gov
Toll Free: 1-888-282-0870

For industrial control systems cybersecurity information:  http://ics-cert.us-cert.gov 
or incident reporting:  https://ics-cert.us-cert.gov/Report-Incident?

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